what is https


HTTPS stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. It is a protocol used for secure communication over the internet. HTTPS is an extension of HTTP, where the addition of the 'S' stands for secure, indicating that the communication between the server and the client is encrypted and secure.

HTTPS uses a secure socket layer (SSL) or transport layer security (TLS) protocol to encrypt the data transferred between a user's browser and a web server. This ensures that any sensitive data, such as login credentials, credit card information, or personal information, is securely transmitted over the internet without being intercepted by third parties.

HTTPS is commonly used by websites that require users to log in or input sensitive information, such as online banking or e-commerce websites. Many web browsers also indicate whether a website is using HTTPS by displaying a padlock icon in the address bar, providing users with visual confirmation of the website's security.